Types of Homeloans and What You need to know

By Tom Martens

Home loans are often referred to as mortgages. Home loans are needed in order to purchase a home or property. The mortgage is paid in installments over a set period of time.

Essentially home loans are offered in four major types. The most popular, especially among home owners is a fixed rate home loan. A fixed rate loan, like it sounds, retains the same interest over the term of the loan. Fixed rate loans usually last between 15-30 years, are low risk, protected under inflation, and easier to budget.

Another type of home loan is an adjustable rate home loan. Unlike fixed rate home loans, adjustable rate home loans are not stable because the interest rate changes over the life of the loan. The home loan?s interest rate ?adjusts? after an initial period, which can last for a few months or a few years. If interest rates are higher at the end of the initial period, then the mortgage payment adjusts higher. If interest rates are lower, then the payments decrease.

Balloon home loans differ from the two, as the monthly payments are based on a 30 year amortization schedule, however the entire home loan balance is due at the end of the loan?s term (between five and seven years).

Reverse mortgage loans are ideal for older homeowners, as the owner receives money instead of making a monthly payment. The reverse mortgage does not need to be repaid until the home is sold, the owner dies, or the owner no longer uses the home as his or her primary residence. To apply for a reverse mortgage, you must be over 62 years of age and define the home as your primary residence.

A down payment is required when getting a home loan. Depending on the type of home loan, the required down payment is usually between three percent and 20 percent of the home?s total cost. The buyer?s credit history, income and the home?s cost can also influence the amount of down payment required. Anyone who puts down less than 20 percent is required to carry private mortgage insurance (PMI) on their home loan. This protects the bank if the home owner defaults on the home loan.

The buyer will also have to pay closing costs on their home loan. The closing cost is between 3-7% of the total value plus taxes, financing, and other settlement costs. Negotiating with the lender may reduce the closing costs or you can request that the seller covers the closing costs. - 31382

About the Author:

Sign Up for our Free Newsletter

Enter email address here